Combustible Dust Testing

Laboratory testing to quantify dust explosion & reactivity hazards

Flammable Gas & Vapor Testing

Laboratory testing to quantify explosion hazards for vapor and gas mixtures

Chemical Reactivity Testing

Laboratory testing to quantify reactive chemical hazards, including the possibility of material incompatibility, instability, and runaway chemical reactions

DIERS Methodology

Design emergency pressure relief systems to mitigate the consequences of unwanted chemical reactivity and account for two-phase flow using the right tools and methods

Deflagrations (Dust/Vapor/Gas)

Properly size pressure relief vents to protect your processes from dust, vapor, and gas explosions

Effluent Handling

Pressure relief sizing is just the first step and it is critical to safety handle the effluent discharge from an overpressure event

Thermal Stability

Safe storage or processing requires an understanding of the possible hazards associated with sensitivity to variations in temperature


Classification of hazardous materials subject to shipping and storage regulations

Safety Data Sheets

Develop critical safety data for inclusion in SDS documents


Model transport of airborne virus aerosols to guide safe operations and ventilation upgrades


Model transport of contamination for source term and leak path factor analysis

Fire Analysis

Model transport of heat and smoke for fire analysis

Flammable or Toxic Gas

transport of flammable or toxic gas during a process upset

OSS consulting, adiabatic & reaction calorimetry and consulting

Onsite safety studies can help identify explosibility and chemical reaction hazards so that appropriate testing, simulations, or calculations are identified to support safe scale up

Mechanical, Piping, and Electrical

Engineering and testing to support safe plant operations and develop solutions to problems in heat transfer, fluid flow, electric power systems

Battery Safety

Testing to support safe design of batteries and electrical power backup facilities particularly to satisfy UL9540a ed.4

Hydrogen Safety

Testing and consulting on the explosion risks associated with devices and processes which use or produce hydrogen

Spent Fuel

Safety analysis for packaging, transport, and storage of spent nuclear fuel

Decommissioning, Decontamination and Remediation (DD&R)

Safety analysis to underpin decommissioning process at facilities which have produced or used radioactive nuclear materials

Laboratory Testing & Software Capabilities

Bespoke testing and modeling services to validate analysis of DD&R processes

Nuclear Overview

Our Nuclear Services Group is recognized for comprehensive evaluations to help commercial nuclear power plants operate efficiently and stay compliant.

Severe Accident Analysis and Risk Assessment

Expert analysis of possible risk and consequences from nuclear plant accidents

Thermal Hydraulics

Testing and analysis to ensure that critical equipment will operate under adverse environmental conditions

Environmental Qualification (EQ) and Equipment Survivability (ES)

Testing and analysis to ensure that critical equipment will operate under adverse environmental conditions

Laboratory Testing & Software Capabilities

Testing and modeling services to support resolution of emergent safety issues at a power plant

Adiabatic safety calorimeters (ARSST and VSP2)

Low thermal inertial adiabatic calorimeters specially designed to provide directly scalable data that are critical to safe process design

Other Lab Equipment (DSC/ARC supplies, CPA, C80, Super Stirrer)

Products and equipment for the process safety or process development laboratory


Software for emergency relief system design to ensure safe processing of reactive chemicals, including consideration of two-phase flow and runaway chemical reactions


Facility modeling software mechanistically tracks transport of heat, gasses, vapors, and aerosols for safety analysis of multi-room facilities


Our highly experienced team keeps you up-to-date on the latest process safety developments.

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Stay informed with our quarterly Process Safety Newsletters sharing topical articles and practical advice.


With over 40 years of industry expertise, we have a wealth of process safety knowledge to share.

Recent Posts

What is a Power Plant Safety Manual?

Posted by The Fauske Team on 07.18.17

We noticed this topic is searched quite a bit on the internet.  When I asked our team what it means to them, I got a variety of responses.  safety.jpg

As background: Fauske & Associates, LLC (FAI) was the principal author of the original Severe Accident Management (SAM) Technical Basis Report (TBR) (FAI/91-19 Volumes 1 and 2 also known as EPRI TR-101869).  This report provided the technical bases upon which the PWR Owners Groups at the time (Westinghouse (WOG), Combustion Engineering (CEOG), and Babcock & Wilcox (B&WOG)) developed generic severe accident management guidance (SAMG) support material, which served as a framework for each utility’s plant-specific SAMG program.

In the aftermath of the Fukushima accident, EPRI commissioned an update to the original TBR, and FAI again was a principal author in this update.  In addition to the immediate insights from the Fukushima accident, the TBR update also incorporates a significant amount of research and experimental information that post-dated the original TBR and therefore was absent from the technical basis.

While FAI leveraged its severe accident technical basis experience within the SAM TBR in its post-TMI and post-Fukushima evolutions, Westinghouse Electric Company, the parent company of FAI, focused on implementation of the TBR into the actual plant-specific SAMG implementation programs for customer sites.   Thus, FAI and Westinghouse have maintained complementary SAMG capabilities which can be utilized to assist customers with preparing for NRC inspections. 

Book-  Experimental Technical Bases for Evaluating Vapor Steam Explosions in Nuclear Reactor Safety.jpgFAI's founders Dr. Hans K Fauske and Robert E. Henry have just published "Experimental Technical Bases for Evaluating Vapor /Steam Explosions in Nuclear Reactor Safety" published by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). 

"In context, a plant safety manual is not synonymous to anything in particular when it comes to nuclear plants. When I read safety manual, the first thing that came to mind was an FSAR (Final Safety Analysis Report). FSAR is roughly a reference guide that describes how pretty much the entire plant should run safely based on analyses, safety margins, some procedures and so on, that the operators rely on it. The NRC has to approve it so you can get some general materials and examples on the web.

Generally speaking, we have contributed to FSARs, safety manuals or guidelines (like a Severe Accident Management Guideline (SAMG)- “manual”), either as authors or reviewers.

There are several safety situational plans, procedures, manuals and so on that apply to normal operation and severe accident conditions that plant personnel, particularly operators, rely on." -Samad Erogbogbo, Senior Mechanical Engineer, Thermal Hydraulic Services, FAI.

Most organizations have some type of a "Environmental, Health and Safety Pocket Guide" as a general reference but does not replace site-specific policies or procedures. Power plants have site specific safety guidelines and procedures.  One in particular has a "Standards and Expectations Handbook" - a condensed version of its online full procedures.  This pocket sized guide states that it will "stress alignment on clear and consistent standards, we will improve our Station performance, and we will achieve our Station's Vision..."

Topics of the standards and expectations include vision, mission and core values, culture, behaviors, goals, priorities and business plans. Then, "Safety" includes culture traits, plant status control, industrial safety, radiological safety, emergency preparedness and employee concerns.  Next, comes "Human Performance" clear goals and expections from qualification verification to peer checking and specified communications channels.  Pre and post briefing, collaboration and learning how to observe and report are keys to a successful plan. Continous improvement fundamentals are outlined as part of the whole package.  

There are also "Generic Plant Access" training courses available.  These cover low to high level safety training and can be broken into specific topics based on need.  

Others on our team wonder if we speak of electrical power plants or power stations only then we need to discuss other issues such as those pertaining to the types of generators used.  More environmental factors are considered for fossil fuels, for example. 

So, what we have here is a bit of a misnomer in searches because Power Plant Safety Manual is a generalized reference to a multitude of tools used to ensure safe operations. Case by case, is best, partnering with experts in current regulations, testing and engineering...

For more information or help in where to start on safety procedures for your facility, please contact FAI at, or 630-323-8750. 






Topics: nuclear plant, nuclear safety, power plant, electrical safety, nuclear plant safety


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